Monetary Authority of Macao. Figure 3b. Retrieved 13 March We display this index of international currency usage in Figure Note: Share of banking claims and liabilities across national borders or denominated in a foreign currency. Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 13 January There are significant roadblocks to more widespread use of the Chinese renminbi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Namespaces Article Talk. Note: In Figure 7a legend entries appear in graph order from top to bottom. Categories : Lists of countries Lists of countries by economic indicator Foreign exchange reserves. Central African Republic. North Korea. Note: Share of globally disclosed foreign exchange reserves. For 一个国家外汇储备超过50% A countrys foreign exchange reserves exceed 50% of the last century, the preeminent role of the U. Bosnia and Herzegovina. Toggle Dropdown Menu. If fiscal integration progresses and a large, td 金融 market for EU bonds develops, the euro could become more attractive as a reserve currency. Retrieved 15 October The Bank of Korea. Tax rates Inheritance tax Tax revenue Wage average median minimum. Treasuries 3b. Retrieved 16 March While international usage of the Chinese renminbi has increased over the past 20 years, it has only reached an index level of about 3, 嘉盛外汇平台官网 Jiasheng foreign exchange platform official website even behind the Japanese yen and British pound, which are at about 8 and 7, respectively. Retrieved 13 October At present there are only six countries whose reserves are at such a figure; this includes ChinaJapanSwitzerlandIndiaRussia and Taiwan. To illustrate this stability, we construct an aggregate index of international currency usage. This fact highlights how crucial dollar funding is in the operations of many internationally active banks. The data are reported to the IMF on a voluntary and confidential basis. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: url-status CS1 Spanish-language sources es CS1 Portuguese-language sources pt All articles with bare URLs for citations Articles with bare URLs for citations from January Articles with PDF format bare URLs for citations Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Use dmy dates from March Pages using right with no input arguments All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Articles with unsourced statements from September All articles with failed verification Articles with failed verification from November Articles needing additional references from June All articles needing additional references. Georgiadis, G. Note: Figure 3a legend entries appear in graph order from top to bottom. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. For a detailed discussion of the dollar's use in international financial markets see Committee on the Global Financial System Deutsche Bundesbank. Retrieved 28 July In response, the Federal Reserve has introduced two programs to ease crisis-induced strains in international dollar funding markets, thus mitigating the effects of strains on the supply of credit to domestic and foreign firms and households. Return to text Figure 3a. So in practice, the Chinese renminbi remained effectively anchored to the U. Retrieved 7 November Retrieved 16 October Retrieved 23 February Chinese renmimbi is 0 until Carter, Z. Return to text 5. Tooze, A. South Korea. Sri Lanka. The Economist Share of general government debt securities held by foreign investors Note: Figure 3a legend entries appear in graph order from top to bottom. Cape Verde. Bangladesh Bank. This share has remained relatively stable since and is well above that for the euro about 20 percent. Exchange Rates and International Data. Swiss forex reserves are the third largest in the world. Wincuinas, J. European Union ECB. Ivory Coast. Retrieved 16 外贸 fob Percentages sum to percent because every FX transaction includes two currencies. Retrieved 23 July Return to text 外汇 人民币 知乎 foreign exchange renminbi An estimate of the U.